Why Use A Hydrogen Fuel Cell?

A Hydrogen Fuel Cell is an energy conversion device that can effectively gather and redistribute power.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Diagram

Imagine water that powers a cell phone or a car for example. Visualize solar power converting the suns energy for later use when there isn't any sun during the night.

Watch a video on how this process works by Ballard.

Build a HFC Using Household Materials

Read More about Fuel Cell Hydrogen Applications

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Solar Power


• Dimensions: 125mm x 155mm x 8mm

• Voltage (at optimum power point) 2.2V d.c.

• Current (at maximum power point) 450mA

• The module includes:

- 1 set of 30cm wires - Frame backing for 45 degrees to a flat surface


Electrolyzer function:

● Input Voltage: 1.7V ~ 3V (DC)

● Input Current: ≥0.7A at 2V

● Hydrogen production rate: 5ml/min

● Oxygen production rate: 2.5ml/min

Fuel cell function:

● Output Voltage: 0.6V (DC)

● Output Current: 300 mA

● Output Power: 180 mW

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power Cell Phone

Angstrom Power´s hydrogen-powered cell phones (left) and fuel cells (right). Credit: Angstrom Power

Angstrom Power is a Canadian company that has taken a major step in the innovation of hydrogen-powered cell phones. Unlike previous attempts at hydrogen-powered phones, Angstrom Power´s prototype allows the fuel cell to fit comfortably inside the phone. In addition, power from the fuel cell can last twice as long between refueling than phones powered with lithium ion batteries.

Fuel Cell TypeOperating
System OutputEfficiencyApplications
10kW–100kW60–70% electric• Military
• Space
(250kW module typical)
80–85% overall
with combined
heat and
power (CHP)
• Distributed generation
Polymer Electrolyte
Membrane or
Proton Exchange
Membrane (PEM)*
• Back-up power
• Portable power
• Small distributed
• Transportation
Molten Carbonate
(250kW module typical)
85% overall
with CHP (60% electric)
• Electric utility
• Large distributed
Solid Oxide (SOFC)650–1000ºC
5kW–3 MW85% overall
with CHP (60% electric)
• Auxiliary power
• Electric utility
• Large distributed

Source: Argonne National Laboratory

*Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) are a subset of PEMFCs typically used for small portable power applications with a size range of about a sub watt to 100W and operating at 60–90°C.

Hydrogen Microbial Fuel Cell

Penn State researchers have developed a microbial electrolysis cell, which they call BEAMR, to produce hydrogen. The process uses bacteria to break down organic material, such as acetic acid and cellulose. A small external burst of voltage aids in boosting hydrogen production.

-Source: Zina Deretsky, National Science Foundation

See new development on Microbial Fuel Cell or Microbial Electrochemical Cell with the use of specialized bacteria.

Return from Hydrogen Fuel Cell back to Making Hydrogen Home Page 

What Does Your Reseach Say?
Do Share Your Own Technical Explanation!

Your View Point is important! It's Your Voice to Advance the Hydrogen As Fuel Movement!

Get Curious With What Other Visitors Have Said!

Click below to read other visitors' exciting contributions to this page, pressing on towards Hydrogen As Fuel Movement Agenda...

Voltage and Amps 
I understand that 2.5 volts is desired between plates as anything over 3 volts is wasted and converted to heat. With that said, what is the desired amperage? …

Click here to write your own.


Enter Your E-mail Address
Enter Your First Name (optional)

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you Making Hydrogen Newsletter.

What's your Favorite Way of Making Hydrogen?

At the end of the day, Making-Hydrogen.com is about how to create hydrogen from solar power to bacteria! What is the coolest way you have discovered in making hydrogen?

[ ? ]

Upload 1-4 Pictures or Graphics (optional)[ ? ]


Click here to upload more images (optional)

Author Information (optional)

To receive credit as the author, enter your information below.

(first or full name)

(e.g., City, State, Country)

Submit Your Contribution

 submission guidelines.

(You can preview and edit on the next page)